Leukaemias - Blood Cancer

With an incidence of about 600 children and adolescents newly diagnosed in Germany per year, leukaemias are the most frequent childhood cancers. Leukaemias originate in the bone marrow, where the blood is produced. Typical for leukaemias is unlimited proliferation of immature (dysfunctional) white blood cells. There are lymphoblastic and myeloid leukaemias, the courses of which can be either acute or chronic. In childhood and adolescence, most (about 95% of) leukaemias are acute. This means that they are usually progressing fast.

Image

Leukaemias

Malignant diseases of the bone marrow

Accounting for 31% of all childhood cancers and showing an incidence of about 600 newly diagnosed young patients in Germany per year, leukaemias are the most frequent malignancies in German children and teenagers. Leukaemias originate in the bone marrow, where the blood is produced. Typical for leukaemias is unlimited proliferation of immature (dysfunctional) white blood cells. There are lymphoblastic and myeloid leukaemias, the courses of which can be either acute or chronic. In childhood and adolescence, most (about 95% of) leukaemias are acute. This means that they are usually progressing fast.

ALL

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

Accounting for 80 % of all childhood leukaemias, ALL is the most frequent blood cancer in children and teenagers. Here you will find our information on this disease and the corresponding current treatment concepts.

AML

Acute myeloid leukaemia

About 15 % to 20 % of leukaemias in children and teenagers are AMLs. Here, you will find our information on this disease as well as the corresponding current treatment concepts.

Clinical trials and
registries

Almost all European children and teenagers with leukaemia are treated according to standardised, continuously optimised protocols based on clinical trials (or registries). Currently active trials / registries:

Literature and
work material

Treatment guidelines, follow-up plans, reports on clinical trials and additional related information:

For more reading

you will find a selection of additional information on leukaemias provided by external sources here: